Application for rescission of the judgment- The judgment having been granted by default – The ground for rescission being that default judgment was sought for and granted erroneously against the Applicant personally yet the debt was incurred while he was acting for the company – The Applicant having incurred the debt as a sole trader before the company was registered – There being no evidence that the Applicant had at any stage alluded the 1st Respondent about the change of his personal status to that of the Company, the latter was entitled to sue him in his private capacity. Thus, application refused. No order on costs.
IN THE HIGH COURT OF LESOTHO
HELD AT MASERU CCT/0401/2019
In the matter between:
ASIF MAHMOOD NAEEM APPLICANT
MASERU CASH AND CARRY (PTY) LTD 1ST RESPONDENT
DEPUTY SHERIFF (L.MIKA) 2ND RESPONDENT
Neutral Citation: Asif Mahmood Naeem v Maseru Cash and Carry (Pty) Ltd CCT/0401/2019, CCA/0401/2021  LSHC 69
Coram : Hon. Mr. Justice E.F.M.Makara
Dates of Hearing : 3rd May, 2021
Date of Judgment : 3rd May, 2021
 The Applicant filed an urgent application on Friday the 30th April 2021. Seeking for the intervention of this Court by ordering as follows:
 The Application was opposed by the 1st Respondent who in addition to the Notice of Opposition, filed an Opposing Affidavit. Thus, the matter was ready for hearing on the same date. Resultantly, it was scheduled for hearing on Monday the 3rd of May, 2021.
 It is clear from the papers that the urgency was occasioned by the fact that the 2nd Respondent was in the process of effecting a writ of execution against the Applicant. This was by virtue of a default judgment entered against him by the late Chaka-Makhooane J on the 24th February 2020. In terms of that judgment the Applicant was ordered to pay:
 It is in consequence of that default judgment that the 2nd Respondent attached the properties of the Applicant towards its realisation. This correspondingly explains the basis of the present application for the staying of the writ of execution pending the determination of the present application.
 In a nutshell, the basis of the application for stay is that the execution is being wrongly directed at the Applicant in his personal capacity and yet he had incurred the debt which constitutes the foundation of the case, on behalf of a company named PAK wholesalers. On this basis, he repeatedly highlighted the legal difference between a natural person and a legal person. In the same vein, he submitted that the execution should have been directed at the company for which he acted as its agent and not at himself personally. In simple terms, he acknowledges that the company incurred a debt to the 1st Respondent by obtaining a credit facility from the 1st Respondent and he is privy to that fact since he had, at all material times, acted on behalf of the PAK wholesalers which he describes as a company.
 The 1st Respondent counter argued that what is of determinative significance in the matter, is the status of the Applicant at the material time they concluded the contract. In this regard, the 1st Respondent maintains that he had throughout dealt with the Applicant as a sole trader and never as a company. To illustrate the point, the 1st Respondent referred the Court to the application form through which the Applicant applied for its credit facility. There was reference to the fact that the Applicant had clearly applied for the facility as the owner of PAK wholesalers. This was punctuated with a caution that there is no reference therein that PAK wholesalers was a company.
 It transpires to this Court that the parties have had a long contractual relationship in terms of which the 1st Respondent provided a credit facility to the Applicant. It is common cause that this was already in existence by the 29th March, 2011 and it is not in dispute that as at that time, the Applicant owed the 1st Respondent a balance of M36,323.02. This is clearly evident from a long list of the transactions between the two which dates up to the 28th April, 2021.
 There is ex facie the papers before the court, no indication whatsoever that the Applicant had, at any stage notified the 1st Respondent about the change of his status as a sole trader to that of an agent of a company. This is indispensable in a contractual relationship since it would, inter alia, have legal implications and appreciation of his true identity when the contract was concluded. Understandably, this would redefine their relationship.
 It must be underscored that the time which is of material significant for the parties to a contract to identify their true status is at the time when they conclude such a contract. The Court had an occasion to deal with the similar factual scenario in Tumo Tlelai t/a Lesotho Mineral Exploration Co. v Sunny Hardware (PTY) Ltd t/a Sunny Buildware C of A (CIV) No 45/2012 and it stated thus:
At no stage was it put to him that by agreeing to open a new account he had agreed the transaction was between the Plaintiff and the Company. As the Court a quo pointed out there was no evidence before it that such a company existed. The fact that he conceded that by the time he gave evidence he had come to know that the defendant had acted for the company does not alter the position. What was important was his knowledge at the time the contract was concluded.
 The absence of evidence that the Applicant had ever notified the 1st Respondent that PAK wholesalers had been registered as a company and, therefore, that he was dealing with the 1st Respondent as its agent, justifies the personal capacity in which he was sued. Consequently, this justifies the execution of the writ against him. In any event, if he was indeed acting as the agent of the company, the latter would be obliged to settle the matter on his behalf. Otherwise, he would be legally entitled to proceed against the company to do so.
 In the premises, the application is refused.
For Applicant : Mr. Letsika of Mei & Mei Attorneys
For Defendant : Mr. Fraser instructed by Webber Newdigate & Co.
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